Evidently, seafood has been an ancient source of nutrition for hunter-gatherer societies. Although it is a rich resource for food, it has also become a pleasant leisure activity for humans. People have adopted it as entertainment. From the times of spear-fishing, hand gathering, and net fishing, we have moved on to state-of-the-art line fishing, angling, etc. This article aims to dredge through different types of fishing that are employed today. It does not allude here that people don’t hand-gather, spear-fish, or net fish now.
Ancient man has been collecting fish in this manner since time immemorial. Ponds and lakes are usual places for hand gathering techniques. This is one of the oldest types of fishing to exist.
In Palnackie, a village in Scotland conducts a flounder-tramping championship; catcher steps on flounders in water in order to catch them.
Once the fish tramps underfoot, it is hand-picked and placed in the bucket. Primitive but very amusing contest for contenders and is a pretty unconventional method of catching fish.
Noodling is another method for collecting fish where the noodler places his hand in the catfish hole. When the catfish padlocks onto the noodler’s hand, it is dragged and collected. However, there is always the risk of injury.
Trout tickling is not just a Shakespearian expression, often done in the British Isles. Trout are hand-gathered by catchers in this type of fishing.
Saw Bear Grylls from “Man vs. Wild” repeatedly jump with a chiseled stick into a pond? That is spear-fishing. A twig with a sharp pointed edge is thrust into the pond to strike the fish tactfully enough that it hits the fish in a manner that stops it in its tracks and kills. This method, however easy and simple it sounds, is not simple at all. This method requires patience and immense practice. Modern tools used for spear-fishing include harpoons, tridents, and bows.
Bow fishing is a specialized type of spear-fishing that uses a bow and arrow to kill the fish and procure from the water.
People in South America and the Midwest use tridents to kill-catch rough fish from the shallow water.
Harpooning is an ancient method of catching fish; the ancient cave art indicates that paleolithic man was harpooning seals. However, pirates used to harpoon giant whales and sharks not so long ago in their canoes and on their ships.
Traditional spear-fishing was for shallow waters. However, contemporary spear guns are a more efficient way of catching fish. Catchers sea dive and use spearguns to hunt fish.
Another very ancient fishing technique is net fishing; the earliest known is the net of antrea was discovered in 1913, the net dates back to 8300 BC. Recently two more netting remanent were found; one found in Korea dates back to 27000 BC. Rock carvings from as early as 42000 BC also indicate some intricate patterns of a tool with horizontal and vertical lines thought of as fishing net. Other notable types of net fishing are:
Small round nets with weights wrapped around them, known for their function as shooting nets. In other words, cast nets are thrown over the water bed, and the fish below are pulled back.
Nets are suspended vertically in the coastal waters, usually prohibited in high seas; however, people still employ them there. They are essentially similar to the gillnets, and there is a subtle difference between both. Drift nets naturally rely on loosely affixed netting, where fish gets caught in passing. Gillnets are similar, but the net’s grid is just large enough to let the fish pass but catching its gills.
Hand nets are nets with round hoops to their mouth, better known as scoop nets. A hand net is an old method to catch fish; this technique is convenient for catching fish, most tank fishes are transferred via this net. However, these nets are referred to as dip nets if they have long handles.
Firstly, ish feed is spread as bait on the water surface which allures the fish. The lift net is underwater beforehand. Sometimes instead of food, light acts as a fish attraction. The second step involves lifting the net when fishes are in close proximity. These networks are built with the help of boats or manually using various structures. People run these structures; One such popular design in the Philippines is the salambaw.
The bottom of the seine net contains the weight, and the top contains floating objects so as to keep the net vertical in the water. Boats deploy seine nets away from the shore, typically deployed on the coasts. Ships deploying these nets are called seiners. Undoubtedly, catchers have been using this technique to good efficacy for a long time. Seine nets sound similar to gillnet, but they differ from gillnet because they enclose around fish rather than fish getting snared into it.
Usually deployed in an arc form, fishes cannot abruptly turn back or swim back, so they exert pressure on the net, and the net wraps around them. A purse seine is a modern-day invention, close at the bottom as well these nets are very effective. So, the fishes cannot swim down and escape.
The Maori tribe used seine nets, and they were generally 1-kilometer long, deployed using canoes.
These are similar to gillnets, except for the fact that they have a smaller mesh designed to catch fish by teeth or upper jaw.
The last net fishing technique that we will discuss in this article will be trawl net fishing. Trawl nets are large nets, conical in shape, attached to one or more boats; those boats travel through water, and the trawl net drags along the river or sea bottom. This type of net fishing is relatively new.
A fishing line additionally has a hook for catching purposes in angling; the hook contains bait at the end. In prehistoric times a sinker such as stone or other weights helped sink the cable into the water. The caster then waits patiently for tension in the line. Let’s examine what the types of angling are.
A chord crafted for fishing and the essential parameters for the line is its limpness, abrasion resistance, thickness, weight. Thick and heavy fishing lines are very much visible to fishes and, therefore, less likely to attract prey.
Modern fishing lines made of monofilament are a single strand. Following are various types of line fishing:
The fishing line contains a sinker object at one end, which helps the line to assume vertical posture in the water. The line has a floating object at the top that keeps the other line afloat. The fish bite the hook, and their jaws catch on the hook, and then the fishermen pull the fishing lines.
Catchers keep one end of the fishing line in their hands rather than attach a floating object to it, mainly used to catch ground and squid fish.
The jig is a lure with a lead sinker inside and a rubber cover wrapped around it. The hook contains bait to lure the prey.
Jigging happens not by stilling the fishing line in the water. Still, the caster makes short, subtle movements with the rod and fishing line, the bait attached at the end of the line mimics an injured fish. With quick vertical or horizontal jerks, the caster attracts fishes, and once the fish hooks on, they retrieve the prey. Worms, spoons are natural baits.
In this type of fishing technique, casters immerse thousands of baited hooks into the water. Its composition is evidently similar to drop lining; boats called longliners deploy these lines in deep waters.
Metal slabs seemingly prey, deceive predatory fishes. Like jigging, the suspender makes short and jerky movements to attract the fish. Metal slabs constitute hooks; when predatory fishes bite at the slab, those hooks puncture their jaws and, as a result, incapacitate them of movement.
Another viral method of fishing is essentially similar to drop lining. However, the line is horizontal, not vertical.
Angling with Rod
Whenever there is a mention of angling, most people conceive angling with the rod. According to archaeological evidence, 9000 BC people were using fishing rods. Still, they became pretty popular in the late 15th century.
Extensively used now, they give the handlers convenience and reasonable control while handling fishing lines.
Angling rods fitted with a fishing reel; cast fishing lines from that reel in the water. There are further many types of angling with a rod:
Fishing from the shores and riverbanks is bank fishing, usually done using rods and fishing reels, generally on the shoreline. However, fishing done using boats can be more fruitful since people have access to more prime locations. This type of fishing requires local knowledge, water depth, fish, and bait types.
The most widely renowned fishing technique is casting. Rod casts a fishing line into the water; casting is adjunct to fishing as shooting is to hunting. This sport is a supervised casting sports federation that measures the accuracy and throw of the casting line. Casting competitions are very popular around the world.
It is a technique for fishing where the bait has a semblance of a fly or bug. That fishing hook is cast above the water or slightly below it; fishes fall prey to the lure. Actually, it differs from other fishing methods since prey is either on the water surface or slightly below. Fishing lines in fly fishing are very flexible and long.
It is a type of fly fishing first done in Japan 200 years ago. However, Rod in those times was a bamboo. Modern Tenkara rods constitute graphite and are telescopic.
It is dangerously famous in New Zealand and Australia as it has claimed many lives during the activity. Usually done on the rocky coastlines and an average of 8 lives fall prey to it every year. Tides often have been a significant threat to this fishing method.
An enormous amount of people use this method of fishing. Done in kayaks, indigenous people of Arctic regions developed it. However, these people didn’t use kayaks for this purpose in early times; kayaks have recently become popular.
It is fishing in fishing by suspending a fishing hook through an opening in the ice. It is similar to angling with the rod but done under the frozen surface of lakes.
Other types of angling are Drone fishing, Boat Anglers, Kontiki Fishing, and Ice Fishing. These types of fishing are antediluvian, or they are not popular.
This technique is popular among different cultures. Traps are of two types, permanent structures, and semi-permanent structures. Following are the major trapping methods:
The construction of temporary dams yields dropping water levels; this results in the accumulation of water in reservoirs and collecting fish. Then a net is placed in the water outlet which collects fish.
This concludes all the types of fishing that are there. Hunter-gatherer society used to hand-gather fishes; however, we have devised multifarious tools over the years, and fishing is becoming increasingly easy. Fishing, despite being a good activity, also spawns ethical and legal considerations, so it should be done lawfully and ethically; we should not pose any threat to marine life as we have been doing so.